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DATE: 14 AUGUST, 2020 || NEWS UPDATE

                             #KNOW THE FACT!

1. EQUAL INHERITANCE RIGHT TO DAUGHTERS FROM 1956

HINDU SUCCESSION (AMENDMENT) ACT 2020






 "A daughter always remains a loving daughter. A son is a son until he gets a wife. A daughter is daughter throughout her life", justice Arun Mishra, heading a three-judge Bench, authored the judgement. Verdict came on the issue whether the amendment to the Hindu Succession Act, 1956,  providing equal rights to daughters to inherit the ancestral property would have retrospective effect. What does retrospective effect stands for? It means the effect of this amendment is going to take place from the 1956, a year from the history. The daughter shall remains coparcener throughout life unconditionally by birth, irrespective of whether her father is alive or not. What actually means of coparcener, it stands for one who shares equally with others in inheritance of an UNDIVIDED JOINT FAMILY PROPERTY. 
   
HINDU SUCCESSION ACT 1956

Succession in the Hindus is followed by the Hindu Succession Act, 1956, which bases its rule of succession on the basic principle of propinquity that is preferences to heirs on the basis of proximity of relationship. The law of intestate succession is concerned with the matters as to who are Heirs, what are the rules of preference among the various relations, in what manner is the property is distributed if there is more than one heir and so on. 
The Hindu Succession Act 1956 applied to the whole of India except state of Jammu & Kashmir. Act applies to all Hindus, Buddhist, Jainas, Sikh and to any other person who is not Muslim, Jew, Parsi or Christian. Muslims follow Muslim Personal Laws (Shariat) Application Act 1937.  

Who are are "heirs" and what is "intestate succession"?\
A person who dies without making a will is known as intestate and an Heir is the person[male or female] entitled to inherit property after the death of intestate.  


HINDU SUCCESSION (AMENDMENT) ACT 2005

Once a daughter was married, she ceased to be part of her father's HUF[HINDU UNDIVIDED FAMILY] many saw this as curtailing women's property rights. But on 9 September, 2005 the Hindu Succession Act, 1956, which governs the devolution of property among Hindus, was amended. According to the Hindu Succession Amendment Act 2005, every daughter whether married or unmarried is consider a member of  her father's HUF and can be appointed as 'karta' (who manages) of his HUF property. According to the ruling, a daughter can avail of the benefits granted by the amendment only if her father passed away after September 9, 2005 and the daughter is eligible to be co-sharer only if the father and daughter were on September 9, 2005. The amendment now grants daughter the same rights, duties, liabilities and disabilities that were earlier limited to sons. 


2. BENGALURU VIOLENCE 



What is the cost and effect of simple social media post ask from the Bengaluru ones, they will tell you how the one derogatory post cost the death of 3 persons, more than 200 vehicles and 2 police station vandalised and at least 60 policeman injured including high rank officers. Section 144 imposed on the Bengaluru city. According to police, nearly 8 pm of 11 August, 2020 information spreads that a relative of MLA Akhanda Srinivas Murthy's  name P Naveen posted a communal and offensive post on social media about Prophet Muhammad and triggers protest.  This lead to all results that Bengaluru suffered, after this post people started gathering in front MLA's house and started pelting stones to the MLA's house in Pulakeshi Nagar and vehicles parked outside were damaged. The crowd then attacked two police station KJ HALLI and DJ HALLI  pelting stones at the police and even trying to burn them down. 


3. SUDEEKSHA BHATI MURDER

A 19 Year old U.P girl, Sudeeksha Bhati who secured 98% marks in her 12th board exams, chased and harassed by goons got killed in road mishap in Bulandshahr on August 10, 2020. THe passionate girl hailing from Gautam Buddh Nagar had recieved a scholarship of more than rs 3.8 crore to pursue her education at Massachusetts' Babson College.

Her family members claimed she was on a scooty when two men on a motorcycle started following and harassing the girl. As per reports Satyendra Bhati , the uncle said, " The men were passing comments on Sudeeksha and were trying to overtake her vehicle performing stunts to impress her. Suddenly, their bullet hit Sudeeksha's scooty and its lost balance. Sudeeksha died on the spot. 

According to the latest reports, the Bulanshahr police said in a press conference, '"Sudeeksha was travelling with her younger brother from Dadri to Bulandshahr to her uncle's house. We haven't received any information about the harassment and the brother, who is a minor was riding the bike during the road accident. The probe is still underway. We are awaiting video footage and pictures of the incident."

Bulandshahr official page also released a video of a boy who according to them is the brother of the deceased. The boy is heard saying, "I was riding the bike along with my sister. While I was riding a Bullet bike abruptly took over and I lost my balance. I fell forward and my sister fell on the other side and injured her head."

4. MEDICAL DEGREE FROM POK IS NOT ALLOWED TO PRACTICE IN          INDIA



Medical degrees obtained from colleges located in Pakistan occupied Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh (PoJKL) will not be register under INDIAN MEDICAL COUNCIL ACT and those having these certificates are not allowed to practice modern medicine in India, Medical Council of India has said.
According to the ThePrint news one of the senior health ministry official has clarified, "The move comes when one of the medical professional who obtained medicine degree from a medical college in Pok, wanted to purse medical registration from J&K medical council. During the evaluation, it was found that the medical college from where the applicant obtained the degree was and 'unrecognized medical college'. We had a slew of meeting with officials from the health ministry, home ministry and external affairs ministry on this matter," said the official. After this MEDICAL COUNCIL OF INDIA issued a circular barring people with degree from Pakistan occupied Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh to practice medicine in India.

"This is to inform all concerned that entire territories of UT of Jammu Kashmir and Ladakh are an integral part of India. Pakistan is in illegal and forcible occupation of a part of the territory. Accordingly, any medical institution in Pakistan-occupied-Jammu Kashmir and Ladakh requires permission/recognition under IMC Act 1956. Such permission has not been granted to any medical college in PoJKL," a pucblic notice issued by MCI stated. 

MEDICAL COUNCIL OF INDIA 

Medical Council Of India has following objectives:-

  1. Inspection/ visitation with a view to maintain proper standard of medical education in India.
  2. Permission to start new medical colleges, new courses including P.G or Higher Courses, increase of seats etc.
  3. Recognition/ de-recognition of Indian/ Foreign qualifications.
  4. Maintenance of All India Medical Register of Persons who hold any of the recognised medical qualification or for the time being registered with any of the State medical Councils or Medical Council of India.
  5. Registration (Permanent or Provisional)
  6. Issue off Good Standing Certificates for doctors going abroad. 

FINANCIAL

5. 18 STRATEGIC SECTORS OF INDIA

An industry is considered strategic if it has large innovative spillovers and if it provides a substantial infrastructure for other firms in the same or related industries. For example banking sector it has large impact on the other sector like construction sector if we have to build a road then from where we get loan, if we have to build house from where we get loan from bank similarly if there is any sector which has its effect on other sectors too in anyway is considered to be strategic sector. 
Department of Investment and Public Asset Management(Dipam) functioning under the finance ministry has proposed to classified 18 strategic sectors in three broad heads:-

Mining and Exploration:-
In this sector the area where the government will retain limited presence are coal, crude oil, gas, minerals and metals.

Manufacturing, Processing and Generation:-
The area where the government will retain limited presence are defence equipment, steel, petroleum, fertilizers, power generations, atomic energy and ship building.

Services Sectors:-                                   
The areas that to be considered are power transmission, space, development and operations of airports, ports, highways and warehouse and gas transportation and logistics(not including gas and petro-chemicals trading), contract and construction and technical consultancy services related to strategic sectors and subsectors, financial services for infrastructure, export credit guarantee, energy and housing sectors, telecommunications and IT, banking and insurance. About 60% out of all sectors are in the service sector.


SOURCE- STUDYIQ, THE HINDU, HELPLINE LAW, THE INDIAN EXPRESS, ThePrint


                                                                                                                      DATE: 14 AUGUST, 2020

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